GARUT REGENCY - A total of 408 family heads (KK) in Harjasari Selecta Plantation, Cisurupan, Garut Regency, West Java (West Java), received Certificate of Ownership (SHM) for a total of 543 parcels of land covering an area of 104 hectares which were previously with the status of Cultivation Rights (HGU) arable.
West Java Deputy Governor Uu Ruzhanul Ulum also accompanied the Minister of Spatial Administration / National Land Agency (ATR / BPN) of the Republic of Indonesia (RI) Sofyan Djalil and Indonesian Minister of Cooperatives and Small and Medium Enterprises (Menkop UKM) Teten Masduki in delivering certificates in Harjasari Selecta Plantation, Indonesia Monday (12/23/19).
The handover and determination of the status of land ownership from HGU to SHM was carried out in the context of the Agrarian Reform program through land redistribution activities.
According to Uu, the surrender of the title deed is a driving element to improve the welfare of the community. He said, the granting of the land certificate this time was different from the previous land certificate, where the surrender of the land certificate was proof of the legality of land ownership that was already owned by the community or PTSL.
"But today, de jure was given both, the land and the certificate given (to the community), which is extraordinary," Uu said.
"Therefore, on behalf of the people of West Java, the Regional Government of West Java Province would like to thank the central government," he added.
Uu also said that his party would encourage the Regent / Mayor in West Java to legalize ownership of abandoned HGU land in their respective territories. The reason, Uu considered that many HGUs had been abandoned because the community did not know the procedure for land certification.
"Lots of HGUs (in West Java) have been displaced. And people do not know the way, do not know how to (certification). God willing, I will convey to the regents, if indeed the regent has abandoned HGU land, "said Uu.
"The condition is one, the regent must not (first) give permission for the extension of the HGU. So, if the regent does not give permission (an extension of the HGU), it means that there is a high possibility that it can be like now (over ownership of the HGU land), "he explained.
Sofyan Djalil meanwhile said that the land certification program was in accordance with the direction of Indonesian President Joko Widodo through Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 86/2018 on Agrarian Reform who wanted to improve justice in the economic field, especially in land tenure.
There are two Agrarian Reform programs. First, certification of community land ownership or PTSL which is targeted at all community-owned land in Indonesia has been certified in 2025. Second, the granting of land to the people, especially abandoned HGU land.
Because, Sofyan said, currently there is still a lot of HGU land that after being controlled by HGU status but was not taken care of. "Like this HGU land in Harjasari," he said.
"Usually (for) PTSL, the land belongs to the community (when) we certify. But this time, the former HGU land which the community worked on then we distributed, gave the ownership rights, to the people who had been working on it so far, in accordance with Mr Jokowi's program, the Agrarian Reform program, "Sofyan said.
Based on data from the West Java Province ATR / BPN Regional Office, the implementation of land redistribution in West Java for the 2007-2018 period reached 175,537 parcels of land with an area of ??approximately 41 thousand hectares.
While in 2019, West Java is targeting 25,500 parcels of land redistribution. From this target, the current physical achievement is 96 percent.
And for the people who have obtained SHM on this HGU land in Harjasari, they have agreed to be in a binding group, namely cooperatives. The goal is to utilize the land that is already owned in order to improve the welfare of the community itself.
The Harjasari community itself has been assigned to ten groups by cultivating various kinds of plants, such as oranges, potatoes, corn, carrots, and so on.
According to Teten Masduki, the 104 hectare HGU land that has been distributed is included in the business scale for small agriculture.
Later, the Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs together with the Regional Government of Garut Regency will provide modern agricultural development to the community for certain types of superior commodities.
"Later we will find partners, land ownership can be used as loans to banks. I think now there is a lot of financing from banks, "said Teten.