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    Preventing Device Addiction by Increasing Health Literacy and Technology for Young Generation

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    BANDUNG CITY - Everyone, both children and adolescents, has the potential to experience mental or mental health disorders. However, many young Indonesians, including West Java, are reluctant to check mental health regularly.

    Based on data from the Mental Hospital (RSJ) of West Java Province, for example, in January-September 2019, the number of age groups 19-45 years who visited the mental hospital reached 25,069 people. In the same period, the number of 13-18 year old age groups who visited the mental hospital touched 3,104 people.

    Marriage and family problems are the most dominant triggers for mental health disorders. In addition, mental health disorders are also caused by work factors, economic conditions, physical illness, interpersonal relationships and the environment.

    West Java Provincial Government (Pemdaprov) itself continues to strive to prevent and reduce the number of ODGJ (People with Mental Disorders) and ODMK (People with Psychiatric Problems) by pioneering Crisis Center Unit for Mental Health Services.

    "That is the response to mental health in the community. Quick response handling (for ODGJ and ODMK) is needed, "said the Acting. Regional Secretary Prov. Jabar Daud Achmad at Gedung Sate, Bandung City, Thursday (10/31/19).

    "The triggering factors are helplessness, loss of partners, socio-economic pressure, to work. We are also trying to invite the public to pay attention to mental health problems and remove the negative stigma of mental health disorders, "he added.

    In addition, the West Java Provincial Government will also initiate a program called School without Gawai (Setangkai). The program was launched because, at present, excessive use of devices can trigger mental health disorders, especially among children and adolescents.

    "In West Java, we also accept a lot of children of ODMK age children because of addiction to gadgets. The situation is a problem that affects our children, "said David.

    The Director General of Disease Prevention and Control of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Anung Sugihantono appreciated the steps of the West Java Provincial Government in preventing mental health disorders among children and adolescents.

    According to Anung, there is one other and most important thing in preventing mental health disorders, which is improving health literacy. If health literacy is high, the younger generation will be responsible for themselves to detect the condition of mental health early.

    "Actually, the most basic (in preventing mental health) is to understand that health. Health is not meant to be free from disabilities free from pain. But, there are psychosocial aspects, including being productive in social, and socializing, "he said.

    Then, said Anung, policy makers must pay attention to the level of technological literacy, including gawai, the younger generation. Because the technology is like a double-edged knife. If used properly, technology will be full of benefits. If not, technology will be full of disadvantages.

    "In some schools children cannot carry devices. But, the problem is, the teacher gives a task that encourages the child to use a device. This is a problem. Therefore, we must ensure that they (the younger generation) use the device wisely, "he said.

    "We cannot just ban without giving a solution. But, it should not be allowed to leave without building responsibility. This balance is the most important thing in the realm of family, community and institutions, "Anung continued.

    Anung also highlighted patterns of family and environmental communication in the prevention of mental health disorders. According to him, there must be a new communication pattern that is built in the family. This was done because the communication channels of children and adolescents have changed and are dynamic.

    "The communication patterns of children today are certainly different. Have a different channel. In the past, we, my age, were only parents and peers. Now with social media channels, how to express them is different. This must be considered, "he said.

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    In addition, Anung asked health workers to go to the field in order to increase public health literacy.

    "What comes from the mental hospital is part of the referral. But, health workers do not necessarily wait at the hospital. Must do and go down to the field to find indications earlier. Then do health promotion, "he said.

    In order to prevent mental health disorders, Anung advised the community to consult with competent health workers who have qualified knowledge. The goal is to find the best way for prevention.

    Previously, Director of Mental Health and Drug Prevention Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia Fidiansjah. According to him, expressing feelings becomes the most effective way in preventing mental health disorders because they are able to be relieve emotions and calm the soul.

    "Do not wait to explode, but must be distributed. Because expressing feelings is one of the most effective ways to calm human emotions. What is volatile in humans can be released slowly, "he said.

    "Expressing feelings to God can be done. We can cry the truth, express all the problems to God. That way, we will be calmer because there are burdens incurred, "said Fidiansjah continued.

    Fidiansjah also stated, each family member must be responsible to pay attention to and remind all family members related to mental and physical health of other family members.

    "The family has the responsibility to pay attention to all family members. At any level. That way, we can budge regular health checks. Don't wait for pain. So, health checks must be entrenched and the family plays an important role, "he said.

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