BANDUNG CITY- Indonesia's economic growth which reached 5 percent must then be balanced with structural reforms, the use of demographics and technology, as well as increased economic competitiveness.
Indonesia is also predicted to be a high-income country in 2036 and with the fifth largest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2045 - where the productive age population reaches 41 percent.
To welcome that, Human Resources (HR) also must be prepared properly, including graduates of Vocational High Schools (SMK) who deal directly with the industrial world.
"If Indonesia and West Java want to be great, they must meet three conditions, namely economic growth is maintained at a minimum rate of 5 percent, conducive democracy, and millennial or competitive Gen Z," said West Java (West Java) Governor Ridwan Kamil at Gedung Sate in Bandung City , Thursday (8/29/19).
Present at the 'Capacity Building Vocational School Can: Link & Match with West Java Industry' which was also attended by school principals and teachers, Emil - greeting Ridwan Kamil - said developing and revitalizing vocational or vocational education is one of the efforts to prepare West Java HR quality. It is also in accordance with the president's direction that the focus of development in 2019 is to improve the quality of human resources primarily through vocational training.
The aim of revitalization of vocational institutions is the compatibility of alias links and matches with the Business World and the Industrial World (DUDI), for example by encouraging trends that are becoming trends such as coffee and animation, focusing on practice, and encouraging school flexibility in developing a curriculum with DUDI.
Regarding the large amount of unemployment contributed by SMKs, Emil said the problem was influenced by four things namely slowing economic pace, graduates having no fighting spirit, curriculum not up to date, and lack of good relations with industry.
So, Emil added, a concerted effort is needed to bring a good investment climate so that the industry continues to grow while building harmony between the school curriculum and industry.
Not to forget, character education is also needed to form graduates who have the spirit to fight according to the blueprint of the superior generation of West Java Masagi. "Today we want a new spirit, we prove that 2045 Indonesian countries have become superpower," Emil said.
According to the Head of the West Java Provincial Education Office Dewi Sartika, the 'link and match' of SMKs and companies is a collaborative work step between the SMKs in West Java, the West Java Education Office, the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia, and the industry / company.
In 2018, the West Java Provincial Government (Pemdaprov) has also conducted a coffee curriculum pilot project at Vocational School Tanjungsari as an example of a 'link and match' when West Java coffee is becoming a trend in the world.
The capacity building that was held with PT Astra International TBK at the 'Capacity Building Vocational School Can: Link & Match with West Java Industry' in Gedung Sate also became an implementation in the steps of collaboration and innovation directed by Emil.
West Java itself has 2,950 SMKs, 9.6 percent of which are state SMKs, with approximately 110 expertise competencies. That is an opportunity and a very strategic potential to cooperate with the industrial world.
"Most (SMK) are managed privately, around 735 open automotive light vehicle engineering, today there are 300 productive teachers coming from public and private SMKs in West Java," Dewi said.
Meanwhile, the revitalization of SMKs is carried out from the institutional, curriculum and cooperation aspects. In addition, teacher apprenticeship programs are also carried out in order to fulfill competent productive teachers including guest teachers from practitioners.
"That way vocational schools are able to improve their human resources and competencies through professional certification institutions. It is not enough to have a diploma, but competencies with competency certificates," said Dewi.
Meanwhile, according to the Director of the Vocational Development of the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia M. Bakrun, the link and match of vocational and industrial schools is mandatory so that graduates can be absorbed appropriately by companies.
In addition, the SMK curriculum must also dynamically adjust the development of industrial technology. "So that vocational schools can produce competent graduates both in the world of work and for entrepreneurship," concluded Bakrun.