BANDUNG REGENCY - Chair of the West Java Province PKK Driving Team Atalia Praratya Kamil stated that stunting in children can result in cognitive abilities not developing optimally. Therefore, stunting can be a low factor in the quality of Human Resources (HR) because it affects productivity.
According to Atalia, the behavior and awareness of the clean and healthy life of the Indonesian people need to be improved early on. Because to prevent stunting, clean and healthy living behavior must have been formed in the golden period, namely 1,000 First Days of Life (HPK).
"Prevention and prevention of stunting is very important. 1,000 First Days of Life (HPK) is a sensitive period that determines the quality of life in the future. Where the effects on infants in this period will be permanent and cannot be corrected," he said when he was speaker at the Posyandu Strengthening Workshop with Community Empowerment in the Framework of Prevention of Stunting in Marbella Suites Hotel, Kab. Bandung, Wednesday (07/10/2019).
"At present, we prioritize 1,000 HPK as the main period for prevention of stunting. However, because stunting is the result of chronic nutritional problems, ideally, prevention of stunting should start earlier, more upstream, namely in adolescence," he continued.
Atalia added, good community nutrition status is the foundation of education, health, and economic growth. Therefore, health education and behavior change in adolescents are the key to success in preparing the free generation of stunting.
The Director General of Public Health at the Indonesian Ministry of Health, Kirana Pritasari, said that stunting was one of the focuses of the No. 2 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which ended all forms of malnutrition including stunting in 2030.
"In line with these global priorities, one of the health development priorities in the 2015-2019 National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) is improving nutrition, specifically reducing the prevalence of stunting in the Healthy Indonesia Program through Germas and the Approach Family, "he said.
Based on the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) of the Indonesian Ministry of Health in 2018, the proportion of stunting in children under five decreased by 7% compared to 2013, which was 37.2% in 2013 to 30.7% in 2018. The same study also showed that the proportion of stunting in infants aged two years (baduta) is 29.9%.
"Of course this result is quite encouraging, but we should not be careless, because the number is not satisfactory because it has not reached the target of the third RPMN which in 2019 entered its final year of implementation," he said.
"We also need to look again at whether the activities that have been carried out so far in the health sector are truly effective in encouraging the achievement of national priority programs," he continued.
The aim of the activity was to increase the capacity of cadres and coaches in the village, so that cadres were able to play a role as community activists, extension workers, and simple note takers in an effort to prevent stunting.
This is expected to have an impact on improving basic health services in Posyandu and community mobilization for community empowerment in the health sector. Later, in the workshop, there will be 216 facilitators (especially regional center), and Health Promotion Health Center officers, cadres, and village apparatus, with 13,400 people upgrading in 420 villages.