KENYA - West Java Governor Ridwan Kamil explained a series of innovations and collaborations initiated by the West Java Provincial Government (Pemdaprov) in the development and improvement of the quality of urban life when speaking at the 1st United Nations (UN) Assembly in Nairobi, Kenya, Monday (05/27/2019).
Emil - his nickname - said that in 2050, 70 percent of the world's people will live in cities. Because of the surge in population that is difficult to break down, the city will turn into a place shrouded in pollution.
There are two ways that can be taken to solve the problem. First, of course, to reduce the amount of urbanization. If this method is difficult to realize, the government, said Emil, must improve the quality of life of urban communities. One of them is to change happiness into policy.
"When I became Mayor of Bandung, I made happiness a priority. How to turn happiness into policy. We collect data and ask people about their lives. We listen to and measure the quality of life in ten dimensions, "he said.
From these 10 dimensions, said Emil, his party summarized the two most influential dimensions in improving the quality of life of urban communities, namely family harmony and social interaction. These two dimensions later became the basis for him in compiling policies and infrastructure development.
"We build several social infrastructure. I then see and realize that building social infrastructure will have a big impact on happiness, "he said.
"I work with communities, business people, academics, and the media, to design programs. The program will aim to increase family harmony and increase social interaction, "he continued.
"This is known as the pentahelix formula," he said.
According to Emil, social infrastructure can create opportunities for people to meet and build communication. One example is the provision of facilities such as chairs and tables on the sidewalk.
"We carefully redesigned the road. The road must be a stage to celebrate identity, celebrate culture, and celebrate life, "he said.
Emil also invited city governments around the world to incorporate happiness when compiling policies, so that the quality of life in urban communities is guaranteed.
"The New Urban Agenda asks us to appreciate the quality of life. My advice, you should consider a happiness-centered approach. Identify needs by listening to the community. Find out what makes them happy, "he said.