DENPASAR CITY - Governor Ridwan Kamil targets West Java to be malaria free or has malaria elimination status in 2022. Malaria cases in West Java are known to continue to decline every year.
This was stated by West Java Governor Ridwan Kamil as a seminar speaker at the height of the commemoration of World Malaria Day 2019, global theme Zero Malaria Start With Me, and the national theme Free Nation Malaria Achievement, at Kertalangu Cultural Sasana, Denpasar, Bali, Monday (13/5 / 19).
In front of the seminar participants, the Governor presented data from the West Java Health Office which recorded in 2013 663 malaria cases, 2014 (501) cases, 2015 (344) cases, 2016 (327) cases, 2017 (330) cases, 2018 (205) case. While during 2019 there were only 18 malaria cases.
Emil, the nickname of Ridwan Kamil, said that currently 85 percent or 23 regencies / cities in West Java have received eliminiation certification or are declared malaria free. The rest are still found to be malaria endemic in four districts, namely Pangandaran, Garut, Sukabumi and Tasikmalaya.
"To endemic in Sukabumi, Garut and Tasik are cases of malaria imports, while in Pangandaran it occurs because of local transmission. But these four districts are still low in endemic categories, namely fire <1 (annual paracyte incidence)," he said.
"Our target in 2 to 3 years is to become a malaria free zone. In essence, I am very optimistic that I hope next year I can report massive progress to help Indonesia zero malaria," said Emil, the Governor's nickname.
Various efforts to achieve malaria elimination in West Java continue to be carried out. Such as the involvement of thousands of PKK cadres, village activists, family planning forces, especially in the four exposed areas.
"We have many PKK cadres, thousands of village driving forces, KB troops, I embrace them so that they are multifunctional so they are not only covered," he said.
These four exposed areas generally come into contact with the coast. For this reason, the Governor has instructed to take blood samples in endemic areas and be investigated in collaboration with Padjadjaran University. Then conducting a behavioral survey of exposed patients was also being carried out.
"In the coastal area we provide the kind of fish that we will sow to ensure that if there are larvae it can be finished by an ecological mechanism. The point is environmental health is prioritized, we have a program to recycle plastic waste into fuel, planting mangroves in the sea area," Emil explained.
Emil reminded districts / cities that were not exposed to endemic areas so that they would not fall asleep as the circular issued to accelerate malaria elimination in 27 West Java regencies / cities.
"We have conveyed the SE not only to exposed areas, but also to all regions to keep from not being exposed to being complacent," he explained.
According to Emil, malaria is endemic due to local distribution and migration. For endemic treatment caused by migration there needs to be a specific strategy.
"Migration is rather difficult, there must be a special strategy, there have also been cases of foreign tourists that we do not expect. Then those who have been exposed are not 100 percent lost but there are a percentage who still live in the body," he said.