BANDUNG-Indonesia has made a history of success in reducing population growth from 2.31 percent during the period 1971-1980, to 1.49 percent for the period 2000-2010 and 1.36 percent during the period 2010-2016. This decline in the rate of population growth is consistent with a decrease in total birthrate (or TFR) from 5.61 children per woman of childbearing age in 1971 to 2.38 in 2018.
According to the Main Secretary of the BKKBN, Nofrijal, in addition to the increasing use of contraception, the determining factor for controlling total birth rates, is the increase in the Median Age of First Marriage (MUKP) for women.
"Indonesian women show a tendency to marry at a more mature age, from 18 years in 1991, to 21 years in 2018," said Nofrijal, at the BKKBN West Java Provincial Working Meeting on the Grand Hotel Aquila, Tuesday (03/26).
Nofrijal said, the total birth rate had engineered the age structure of the population to create opportunities for a demographic bonus which began in 2012 which was characterized by a dependency ratio below 50 per 100 productive age population.
"It is projected that this bonus demographic will open a window of opportunity in 2020 until 2030. If the Family Planning program remains a priority of the government and regional government, the bonus demographic period will be longer and will have an impact on welfare development," he said.
Nofrijal stated, since it was proclaimed by the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, on January 14, 2016, there were currently 14,098 KB villages spread throughout Indonesia with activities focused on providing basic services and family empowerment with related sectors through sources diverse funding.
"This innovation and movement of the Family Planning Village is a concrete step for the BKKBN in an effort to accelerate the achievement of the KKBPK program in disadvantaged areas and be able to help reduce poverty and combat malnutrition through a family approach," he said. (Parno)