BANDUNG - Ministry of Social Affairs (Kemensos) together with Indonesia-Germany cooperation implemented by GIZ through the Social Protection Program / SPP and other relevant institutions held a public test of the Government Regulation Plan (RPP) on Habilitation and Rehabilitation for persons with disabilities.
Director General of Social Affairs Rehabilitation of the Ministry of Social Affairs Edi Suharto explained, around 21 million or 8.56 percent of Indonesia's population are persons with disabilities. Their high population is not matched by their strong participation in various sectors, including education, training, work placements, and others.
Not only that, people with disabilities are also excluded from the social environment and get limitations on public facilities and services. In fact, support for them has been interpreted so far in a charity based perspective not based on human rights (human rights based).
According to him, the perspective that persons with disabilities are objects must be changed to become subjects in determining policies and also changing policies that were originally intended only for social problems to guarantee the fulfillment of the rights of persons with disabilities
"We must change the way of thinking from charity based to human right based," he told reporters at the Intercontinental hotel in Bandung on Friday (10/26/2018).
Edi expressed his views before the RPP's public test participants on the habilitation and the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. This activity is part of a series of public tests in several regions in Indonesia to obtain input, harmonize and improve the preparation of the RPP as a derivative of the Law No. 8 of 2016 concerning Persons with Disabilities.
Efforts to increase inclusiveness of persons with disabilities that are comprehensive in every aspect of livelihood, include several policy directions. Among others, on increasing advocacy of regulations and policies at the central and regional levels, developing the capacity of public service workers, developing social protection through benefit schemes for poor people with disabilities based on families and of course socialization, education, and mainstreaming at the community level.
Disability inclusive development is carried out with a twin-track approach where activities for mainstreaming disability throughout the program and targeting persons with disabilities to participate and benefit from each program based on equal rights.
"In inclusive disability development, the principles of accessibility, participation and anti-discrimination must continue to be strengthened," he said.
The basic concept of the draft RPP on Habilitation and Rehabilitation for persons with disabilities is the Convention on the Right of Person with Disability (CRPD) - a convention on the rights of persons with disabilities adopted by the United Nations (PBB), December 13, 2006 and obtaining full legal status May 2018.
"This convention reflects a changing view of disability, which recognizes that they are part of the diversity of humanity and have equal rights with everyone," he said.
This recognition began to place the rights of persons with disabilities in government practical policies through identification that persons with disabilities must enjoy basic rights comparable to others.
Meanwhile, RPP Public Test Activity on Habilitation and Rehabilitation Services for Persons with Disabilities is intended to provide a deeper understanding of the concepts of habilitation and rehabilitation, detailing the stages needed in implementing Government Regulations in the future, presenting draft RPP to stakeholders and to capture various criticisms and input related to the substance of the RPP formulation in strengthening and improving it.
Furthermore in the activity, representatives of the Poverty Reduction and Social Protection Coordination Sector, Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture said that disability issues had become cross-cutting issues even though the proportion of the budget in government ministries and institutions still varied. In addition, two RPPs initiated by the Ministry of Social Affairs, namely the Social Welfare RPP have entered the harmonization phase, which will now be tested publicly. Public test activities are participatory regulation arrangements.
This activity was attended by 100 participants representing social services / agencies, Bappeda, UPT Ministry of Social Affairs, Disabled Persons Organizations and representatives of academics in all Provinces of Western Indonesia.
Indonesia-Germany Collaboration in the field of Social Protection implemented through GIZ through the SPP program has provided support to the Indonesian Government through the Ministry Social and BAPPENAS to ensure the availability of an adequate legal framework in fulfilling the rights of persons with disabilities in Indonesia.
The eight-year cooperation has given major attention to increasing institutional and individual capacities and capabilities in the field of legislation and the concept of comprehensive social protection in accordance with human life risk (life-cycle risk).
"It is expected that the formulated RPP can guarantee the availability of basic rights of persons with disabilities in the field of social protection including habilitation and rehabilitation," he concluded. (Pun)