BANDUNG - Regulation of the Head of National Food and Drug Agency (Perka BPOM) no. 21/2016 states that there are 9 types included in the subcategory of condensed milk namely evaporated milk, evaporation skim milk, evaporated vegetable fat milk, sweetened condensed milk, sweet vegetable fat condensed milk, sweetened thick skim milk, sweetened thick cream , sweetened condensed cream, and khoa.
In the Central National Food and Drug Agency (BPOM) release, Director of High Risk Food Supervision and New Technology, Tetty Helfery Sihombing said that sweetened condensed cream can contain both cream and milk.
"Sweetened condensed milk is a product that contains milk, there is also a sweetened creamy cream (KKM) that includes milk but the milk content is smaller than in sweetened condensed milk," said Tetty.
Since its inception, sweetened condensed milk is required to contain milk. This is further clarified by BPOM Regulation no. 21 of 2016 which details the definition of sweetened condensed milk. In the policy it is explained that, sweetened condensed milk is a condensed liquid milk product obtained by removing some water from a mixture of milk and sugar until it reaches a certain level of concentration; or is the result of reconstitution of milk powder with the addition of sugar, with or without the addition of other ingredients.
Especially for sweetened condensed milk made from cow's milk with a mixture of sugar and water, has a milk solids range of 20%. In addition to these solids there are also proteins, vitamins, minerals, and fats. As for, the basic characteristics of sweetened condensed milk is to have a milk fat content of not less than 8% and protein content of not less than 6.5% (for plain).
BPOM through the Head of POM RI Penny Lukito also confirmed that sweetened condensed milk products are milk-containing products and safe for consumption.
"Related sweetened condensed milk is clear, that sweetened condensed milk is a product that contains milk in accordance with the category of food," said Penny in the occasion.
The Chairman of Center for Nutrition and Health Studies Faculty of Public Health University of Indonesia (PKGK FKM UI), Ir. Ahmad Syafiq, MSc, PhD, who was contacted separately gave his views on sweetened condensed milk. He said that sweetened condensed milk has a relatively higher protein content than other types in the condensed milk category. Sweetened condensed milk is also considered to have a nutritional quality that is almost equivalent to other milk. What distinguishes between sweetened condensed milk with other dairy products such as liquid and even powder lies only in the amount of milk content.
"It's the same in terms of quality, although the amount of milk content is different. Keep in mind that all types of food are complementary. There is no single food or drink that can meet one's nutritional needs. Anyone can consume sweetened condensed milk in moderation. However, sweetened condensed milk is not suitable for infants and it should also be noted that the growing needs of children need to consume adequate animal protein. So we need protein intake from animal sources, "said Ir. Ahmad.
He asserted that sugar in sweetened condensed milk is not something to be feared. Sugars in sweetened condensed milk are needed to prevent product damage. The product is pasteurized and packaged in a hermetic manner. In the process of making it, water from milk is evaporated added sugar which also functions as a preservative. So sugar is needed in sweetened condensed milk products.
Responding to community confusion related to sweetened condensed milk, he said that the government should continue to improve efforts to increase the nutrition of the community and continue to implement efforts to develop an evidensi-based policy. On the other hand, he also suggested that people should not be easily provoked by excitement.
"The government is expected to provide education to the public so that the public is not restless and confused with the information in circulation. Meanwhile, people need to be wise in addressing the excitement, not panic and increase knowledge about balanced nutrition and nutritional needs and nutritional needs. We must want to find information from competent nutritionists, "concluded Syafiq.
Based on the records, the presence of sweetened condensed milk products in Indonesia can be traced back to pre-independence period. Sweetened condensed milk came to Indonesia in 1873, by importing Milkmaid sweetened milk branded by Nestlé, later known as Cap Nona and later in 1922 by De Cooperatve Condensfabriek Friesland which is now known as PT Frisian Flag Indonesia with Friesche Vlag product. At the end of 1967, Indonesia began producing sweetened condensed milk for the first time through PT Australian Indonesian Milk or otherwise known as PT Indolakto, followed by PT Frisian Flag Indonesia in 1971 at its factory located in Pasar Rebo, East Jakarta, and PT Nestlé Indonesia was joined in 1973 by its factory in East Java Province. After that, sweetened condensed milk industry continues to grow until now.