BANDUNG-From the results of a national working meeting on agriculture that took place at Bidakara Hotel Jakarta, Monday (15/1) revealed some information.
First, the achievement of increasing rice, corn, onion, sugar, beef, and others by 2017 is on the right track towards the realization of food sovereignty and independence.
Secondly, by 2017 it has achieved self-sufficiency in four commodities, marked since 2016 not importing medium rice, fresh chili and onion. In 2017, imports of foreign exchange-income maize of Rp10.6 trillion have been exported to 7506 tons of red onion to Thailand, Malaysia, Timor Leste and others.
Third, the performance of strategic commodity production is quite good. Production of paddy, maize and onion increased by 2.4%; 18.5%; and 3.3% compared to production in 2016. Production of sugar, beef, palm and rubber respectively increased by 10.9%; 2.6%; 6.4%; and 2.3% compared to 2016. Budget realization in 2017 amounted to Rp21.9 trillion or 90.4% of the APBN-P 2018 ceiling of Rp24.2 trillion.
Fourth, the achievement of production and self-sufficiency also affect the welfare of farmers. The indication of the number of prosperous Farmers (not poor) increases from 85.25 percent in March 2014 to 85.87 percent in March 2017. "Not only in percentage, the absolute number of poor Farmers' Households also decreased from 3.13 million Households in March 2014 to 3.05 million Households in March 2017.
Rural poverty indicators also declined. In March 2017 poor people in rural areas to 17.10 million people fell 842 thousand inhabitants or 4.7% compared to March 2015 as many as 17.94 million people. Gini ratio in rural areas improved in March 2017 of 0.320 decreased 0.014 points or 4.19% compared to March 2016 of 0.334.
The results of the evaluation of The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), Indonesia's food security 2017 ranked 69 out of 113 countries, from the aspect of food availability ranked 64th of 76th rank in 2014. Meanwhile, the EIU evaluation result on Food Sustainability Index, Indonesia at number 21 from 25 countries, and from the aspect of sustainability at rank 16 above the United States, China and India.
In 2018 the focus is on replanting and distribution of seeds to restore the glory of Indonesian spices, while still strengthening the Strategic Food Special Efforts (Upsus) such as rice, corn, chili, onion, garlic, soybean and others to increase planting area and productivity, so that the 2018 rice production will rise again and food sovereignty will be maintained.
Fifth, the foundation of 2018 production increase is obtained from the canalization / wetland development on tidal swamp land, 1.0 million hectares of swamp forest in stages from 9.5 million hectares potential spread in South Sumatra, South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, Riau, Jambi, Lampung and others. Similarly, increasing the planting index (IP) by building embung, dam-trench and others on dry land / rainfall (potential rainfed) 4 million hectares.
Sixth, that the activity of production lever 2018 in the form of preparation of production facilities 3 million hectares of rice, 4 million hectares of maize and 1 million hectares of soybeans.
Seventh, poverty alleviation through farmer empowerment and facilitation of chicken, duck, goat / sheep, rabbit, horticulture and plantation and alsintan seeds.
Eighth, Most (75%) of the physical activity in the field with Padat Karya pattern absorbs labor in 100 districts, such as rehabilitation of tertiary irrigation networks, building farm roads, producing horticultural seeds and plantations, Sustainable Food Houses others.
Then the ninth, at the end of January 2018 entered the harvest and reached the peak in February-April 2018. Harvest area in January-April 2018 about 8.1 million hectares with 33.9 million tons of GKG and rice surplus. Need to anticipate the price of grain will fall at harvest time.
Tenth, the absorption of grain farmers (Sergap) by BULOG in January-December 2018 is expected to equal to 3.7 million tons of rice equivalent. In February-June 2018 to absorb 2.8 million tons or 76% of the total target of 2018 with the final target of December 2018 reached 2.2 million tons of rice, meaning that the stock is very safe.
Eleventh, the price of grain GKP at the farm level in 19 Provinces on Sunday I January 2018, an average of Rp5.124 / kg with a minimum range of Rp4.000 / kg and a maximum of Rp6.300 / kg. Now began to decline in the price of GKP Rp 100 / kg, although still above the HPP in Bekasi, Tasikmalaya, Wonosobo, Pemalang, Pati and Hulu Sungai Selatan.
These are the results revealed in the 2018 National Development Working Meeting (Rakernas) of Agriculture Development held on January 15, 2018 at Hotel Bidakara, Jakarta with the theme: "Lifting of Farmers' Welfare". The meeting was officially opened by the Minister of Agriculture and attended by 1,700 participants including the Head of Provincial and Regency / Municipal Agriculture Scope of food production centers, TNI Chief Assistants, Military Area Chief of Staff (Kordam), Military Resort Command (Korem), District Military Command (Kodim ), Echelon 1, 2 and 3 officials of the Ministry of Agriculture and other invitations. Resource persons: Director General of Development and Empowerment of Village Communities (Kemendesa PDTT), Director General of Water Resources (Kemen PUPR), Director General of Domestic Trade (Kemendag), Director General of Poor Handling (Kemensos), Vice Chairman of KPK, Head of Food Task Force.