BANDUNG-In the effort to protect and empower the fishermen, as a follow up to Law Number 7 Year 2016, West Java Provincial Government has issued Local Regulation No. 3 of 2016 on Guidelines for Protection and Fishermen Empowerment.
Vice Governor of West Java Deddy Mizwar said today West Java provincial government together with West Java Provincial DPRD, is compiling and discussing Raperda on Guidelines for the Protection and Empowerment of Fish Cultivators and Fishpond Salt, which is expected to be completed and set into Perda at the beginning of 2018.
"With this regulation, it is expected to give more guarantee of legal certainty and justice for fishermen, fish farmers and salt farmers in West Java," he said at the opening of Socialization of Law No. 7 of 2016 on Protection and Empowerment of Fishermen, , and Petamak Salt, in the West Hall Gedung Sate Bandung, Sunday (17/12/2017).
Vice Governor of West Java Deddy Mizwar said, from 27 districts / cities in West Java, there are 11 coastal districts / coastal with 842.66 km long, 18,727,28 km2 of sea area, and have authority over natural resources management in the territory of 12 miles is in the Fisheries Management Area (WPP) 573 Samudera Indonesia and WPP 712 Java Sea.
However, Deddy Mizwar revealed that the potential of capture fishery is so large in West Java, currently can not be utilized optimally.
In the year 2016 for example, West Java capture fishery production of 276,303 Ton, indeed increased about 1.95% of the production in 2015. However, only about 13.35% of the potential of catching fishery in two Management Areas of fisheries, which is managed together -together with the other 12 (twelve) provinces.
"This is because there are still some problems faced by fishermen, especially regarding traditional management, and weak access to capital," said Deddy.
Other factors such as inadequate facilities and infrastructures such as fishery fleets are still dominated by small size, even from 18,231 units of fishing boats, as many as 16,827 units or 92.2% of them are small. In addition, from the legality aspect there are still many unlicensed fishing vessels / not yet registered.
"One of the things we need to take wisely and anticipatory steps, is the implementation of fishing quotas that have implications for the number of fishing fleets and fish production for each province," said Vice Governor Deddy.
Responding to problems in the field, West Java Provincial Government has been trying to improve licensing services, by opening outlets of licensing services in several strategic places.
In addition, Deddy said his side is also pro-active pick up the ball by placing the unit service car in fishing centers on a scheduled basis, which is reinforced by the implementation of online licensing system so that the fishermen who will take care SIUP / SIPI can get service more easily and faster .
Meanwhile, related to the fishermen's insurance, Deddy said that from the number of fishermen recorded as many as 100,485 people, only 57,915 people or about 57.63% who already have a fisherman card, with the number of Insurance Policy issued in 2016 as many as 35,074, and in 2017 of the target of 17,550 has been issued 12,325 policies.
In the case of insurance claims, 2016 to 2017 there are 158 claims, consisting of 120 natural deaths, 6 deaths at sea, 16 marine accidents, and 16 illnesses.
"For that, we would like to thank the related parties who have provided good and fast service to the fishermen's insurance claim," he said.
The related Certificate of Land Rights (SeHAT) Fishermen, until the year 2016 has published 7,784 certificates and in 2017 targeted 1000 certificates. Of Sehat Fishermen have been used for access to capital as many as 667 fields with a value of 16.951 billion rupiah.
In addition to capture fisheries, Deddy mentioned that West Java also has a huge potential of aquaculture with a total area of ??125,273 hectares, consisting of ponds, ponds, floating net karamba (KJA), rice mina, and sea cultivation, with a total of 506,756 fish farmers.
Even the production of aquaculture in West Java in 2016 was recorded at 1.12 Million Ton or rose about 4.56% from production in 2015, and contributed about 28% to the national freshwater fish production.
West Java also places itself as a national seed center, as it is able to provide 33% of the national freshwater fish seed requirement.
Not until there, in an effort to increase productivity, Deddy also called his side has been trying to make genetic improvement and breeding of several types of varieties of parent fish, among others that has been released the fish Nila Nirwana and Mas Marwana fish, and that is in the process of fish breeding Gurame Galunggung, Patin, and domestication of Kancra fish. Next, West Java also has considerable salt potential. Some areas are the production centers of Cirebon, Indramayu and Karawang with a total land area of ??5749 Ha, including those already using Geomembrane technology area of ??1.762 Ha. As for the number of people salt farmers more or less as much as 4734 people, who joined in 468 Garut People's Business Group (KUGAR). However, the production of salt in West Java is still experiencing fluctuations. In 2015 the production was recorded at 890,103 tons, while in 2016 it decreased to 3,847 tons, then increased again to 227,084 Ton until October 2017. "Therefore, in the future we expect more sophisticated and effective technology, so that we can realize self-sufficiency of salt while improving the welfare of salt farmers, "please Deddy.