BANDUNG - A large number of illegal Indonesian Migrant Workers (TKI) has constituted a breach of administrative, sending, and employment processes abroad. Falsification of documents, manipulation of medical tests, and other types of deviation will result in losses for both workers and the state, thereby increasing illegal or non-procedural worker departures.
To overcome the problems, West Java Provincial Government seeks to minimize and even to eliminate these illegal practices through the establishment of One Stop Service (LTSP) of TKI. The establishment of LTSP aims to provide administrative services in brief, effective, and efficient ways for Prospective Workers (CTKI), PPTKIS, and other relevant agencies. Through the improved service management, it is expected that every CTKI will take legal processes of recruitment, training, placement, protection, and repatriation. In other words, LTSP is present to minimize the chances of problematic workers in each placement country.
West Java Provincial Government continues to encourage the regencies/cities in West Java to have LTSP, especially for the regencies that send workers. There are nine regencies in West Java that become the largest sender of migrant workers. However, the effort of LTSP establishment has not been applied seriously by the regency government since there has been only one regency that already has LTSP, i.e. Indramayu. Meanwhile, LTSP of three regencies (Subang, Karawang, and Sukabumi) have been physically ready but still cannot be used due to lack of human resources. Additionally, five other regencies are still in the preparation stage.
Vice Governor of West Java Deddy Mizwar (Demiz) asks the regency governments' commitment to immediately form LTSP. If necessary, the Vice Governor said that the Provincial Government of West Java will be ready to assist in funding. Vice Governor Demiz explained it during an evaluation meeting of TKI Services Mangement and Establishment of LTSP of West Java Province in Papandayan Room, Sate Building, Diponegoro Street No. 22, Bandung, Thursday (04/06/17).
"Regencies only need to make proposal, it will be given later by the province. There's no problem. I'm afraid this is not done because there is indeed a gap of manipulation which become the source of income for irresponsible people. I say what it is, yes," said Demiz during the meeting.
"Make a proposal that is required for LTSP there (regencies). Because the ones that make proposals should be helped, there is no obstacle, right? Why? What's the matter that cannot make a proposal of LTSP? Is it the equipment, or the building, the important thing is there is the land, right? The second is also human resources. Commitment, it's all about the commitment," he said firmly.
The Vice Governor pointed out LTSP in Indramayu that, according to him, it has been ready and can serve as an example of LTSP TKI in West Java. The LTSP there can save administrative costs of migrant workers by up to 40% to manage licensing for every worker and so forth.
"TKI is in need of protection and fast service. In the evaluation in Indramayu earlier informed that they save the cost of 40 percent for the licensing and other stuff. Almost 4 million of 10 million for each TKI. It's beneficial for our workforce. The second is also they depart through legal means," said Demiz after opening the meeting.
"What I worry about is it's intentionally not accelerated because the illegal groups are allowed to keep on operating. It's dangerous," he added.
Meanwhile, Deputy Team of Prevention of KPK, Asep during the meeting explained the strategic issues of the spotlight in terms of services and improvement of migrant worker management in the regencies/cities. Asep said that the case in some areas which are regulation and infrastructure is still the case that is unclear, so that the regions have doubts to implement it. Therefore, Asep asked the Central Government through BNP2TKI and the Ministry of Manpower to provide clear guidance on matters related to the regulation.
"We expect them (BNP2TKI and the Ministry of Manpower) can provide clear guidance to the Department (of Manpower) of Regencies to make regulations or regulatory devices clearly and cleanly at the provincial and the regency level without any doubt," said Asep.
Another thing that is crucial for KPK is the problem of physical infrastructure. The availability of buildings of offices and immigration equipment, population, and health is still a problem in improving the service management. In addition, human resource is also a major issue, because there are still many areas that lack or even does not have human resources to support the implementation of improved service management for migrant workers.
Throughout 2016, the number of migrant workers from West Java were as many as 51,047 people. From gender aspect, the number of female migrant workers reached four times more than male migrant workers, i.e. 10,156 men and 40,891 women. In 2016, the number of migrant workers from West Java was still dominated by the informal sector that was 36,460 people, while in the formal sector reached as many as 14,587 people.
The formal sector was filled more by male migrant workers, as many as 9,788 people, while the female migrant workers were 4,799 people. Compared to 2015, the number of migrant workers from West Java in 2016 was reduced by 12,000 people. In 2015, formal sector of migrant workers was as many as 21,133 people, while the informal sector was 41,937 people.
Over the past four years, nine (9) regencies in West Java which is becoming the main resource of migrant workers remains the same, although the order has changed. Throughout 2016, from the highest amount to the lowest, respectively, namely: Indramayu Regency (16,625 people), Cirebon (10,078 people), Subang (6,522 people), Majalengka (3,235 people), Cianjur (3,227 people), Karawang (2,749 people), Sukabumi (2250), Bandung (773 people), and Purwakarta (731 people).
Meanwhile, according to the state of placement, ten (10) countries with the highest placement of migrant workers from West Java in 2016 are Taiwan, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Brunei, United Arab Emirates, South Korea, Oman, and Kuwait.
Moreover, the number of cases of migrant workers from West Java continues to decline. In 2014, there were 151 cases, while in 2015 there were 142 cases. Meanwhile, in 2016 based on the data up to October, there were as many as 57 cases.