BANDUNG-Cataract is suspected to be the cause of the majority of visual impairment and blindness in the world, including in Indonesia.
Minister of Health, Prof. Dr. dr. Nila Farid Moeloek, Sp.M (K) said based on a survey of blindness in Indonesia which was developed by the International Center of Eye Health (ICEH) and recommended by WHO through Rapid Assasment of Avoidable Cataract (RAAB) method, gives an overview of the actual situation and accurate data of the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment.
Surveys conducted in 15 Provinces of Indonesia in the population age = 50 years, getting the highest blindness prevalence rate of 4.4 per cent in East Java and the lowest at 1.4 percent of West Sumatra, in which as many as 64 to 95 percent are caused by cataracts.
"This is because Indonesia is a tropical country that receive ultraviolet rays (UV) more, thus affecting the eye capture power," she told reporters in Bandung, Sunday (02/05/2017)
It is estimated, said Minister of Health, each year new cases of cataract blindness will always grow by 0.1 per cent of the population, or approximately 250,000 people / year. Therefore, surgery is the most appropriate action and quick to cope with blindness due to cataract. The trick is to lift up the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens so it can return to normal vision. This operation will not cost too expensive and have entered into a national health insurance scheme (JKN) run by BPJS.
Nila reveals the need cataract surgery in Indonesia is approximately 240 thousand people every year. Meanwhile, the ability to perform cataract surgery are estimated to reach 180 thousand / year so that every year is always increasing backlog.
According to her, the backlog size of cataract caused by several factors, among which are for public access to eye health services is still limited, especially in the lagging regions, border and island areas that do not have health care facilities and health human resources those are inadequate, one of them is ophthalmologist ,
"If we do not immediately address the backlog of cataract then the figure of blindness in Indonesia will be higher," she said.
Nila adds one of the efforts made by the National Eye Centre, Cicendo Eye Hospital Bandung to reduce the backlog of cataract is to increase operating room that day was inaugurated.
"With the increase in the operating room, PMN Cicendo Eye Hospital Bandung can do more cataract operations so as to reduce the number of cataract patients," she concluded. (MAT